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Cyber Crimes

Cybercrime refers and include all the activities done with a criminal mind in a cyberspace. As anyone can surf the internet anonymously, any person can engage in any type of crime. The field of cybercrime is emerging and new crimes are evolving day by day.

Cybercrimes most common in the current world

PhishingPhishing is one of the serious crimes popular in the metropolitan cites and areas where there is large people using mobile phones and credit/debit card. Phishing is a crime where people, via telephone calls, talk in a way to take sensitive information such as credit card details from the public. The term is a combination of Voice and Phishing.

Mail frauds includes any scheme that attempts to unlawfully obtain money via postal system which is used at any stage during the commission of a crime.

ID Spoofing is a term which is used for the crime for displaying a number on the recipient caller ID display which is not that of the actual originating station.

Cyber Espionage is the act or practice which is an illegal exploiting method used via internet to obtain secrets from individuals, competitors, rivals, groups, government and enemies for military, political or economic advantage.

Sabotage Wilful damage to the machinery or material or disruption of work is known as sabotage, and when such act is known in the sense of cybercrime when it is done with the military satellites and computers for their own gain.

E-mail related cybercrimes E-mail Spoofing,E-mail Spamming, E-mail Bombing, Sending Threatening Emails, Defamatory Emails, Email Frauds, Sending malicious codes through Email

Cyber Laws and laws protecting online fraud and cybercrimes

IT Act of 2000

The Information and Technology Act of 2000 was made when there was the utmost need of a cyber-law in India. It is also known as Indian Cyber Act. The Information and technology act was implemented to recognize legally all the online activity which a person does.

The main purpose of the IT act is to prevent Computer crimes, Forgery of electronic data and records of e-commerce, and Electronic transactions. Cyber laws offer following rights and safeguards to people:

  • Secured E-Commerce Infrastructure for online businesses.
  • Digitally signing contracts/papers
  • Introducing new businesses for Certifying Authorities
  • Proficient usage of E-Forms as prescribed
  • Secured websites with Digital Certificates
  • Meticulous monitoring on the web traffics
  • Electronic Transactions safeguarded
  • Emails have now become a legal form of communication and are approved in the court of law.

How to file a complaint or case against Cyber Crime?

Filing for a cybercrime complaint generally requires a person having legal knowledge in the area of cyber laws as it is a bit complex procedure, which includes determining the jurisdiction, gathering evidences which can be admissible in the court, saving the log files, etc. Hence, before lodging a complaint in the cyber cell, it is advised to consult an expert in the field who is a cyber-law expert.

Where to file complaint or case against Cyber Crime?

The Information and Technology Act, 2000 states that whenever a cybercrime has been committed anywhere, it shall have a global jurisdiction. Hence, a complaint can be filed in any cyber cell situated in the person’s city. Otherwise, it is advised to always approach a cyber-cell nearest to the person’s home locality for better access.

National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (NCCRP)

The National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal is an initiative made by the Ministry of Home Affairs under the National Mission for Safety of Women to facilitate complaints and report them online. It is made to secure the rights and liberty of women and children from online frauds and cybercrimes, it’s another aspect is to facilitate online financial frauds, ransomware, cryptocurrency crimes and other such crimes related to online transaction.

When any person, generally a teenager or adolescent, defames, harasses, or intimidates someone with the use of internet, phone, chat rooms, instant messaging or social media then that person is said to be committing a crime of cyber bullying. If same such thing is done by an adult then that act is known as cyber stalking.

Identity theft, or in other words ID theft, is stealing and using the personal information of other individual such as Security question’s answer or date of birth in order to commit financial fraud.

According to the RBI guidelines and through various methods, the government is trying to spread awareness about such scams in the country and around the globe. It is said that a bank would never ask for your bank details or personal details as email is the most unsafe method to use for such crucial information. No bank shall either use call or other method to ask for your bank accounts personal details.

  • Crime related to Women/ Child: Under this section, a person can report complaints pertaining to online Child Pornography (CP), Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) or sexually explicit content such as Rape/Gang Rape (CP/RGR) content.
  • Other Cybercrimes: Under this option, you can report complaints pertaining to cybercrimes such as mobile crimes, online and social media crimes, online financial frauds, ransomware, hacking, cryptocurrency crimes and online cyber trafficking.

www.cybercrime.gov.in One can file a complaint online by going to the provided URL.